Names And Their Meaning In The Bible

Names_And Their Meaning In The Bible

Introduction to Bible Individuals (Willmington’s Guide to the Bible. 1 KINGS 17:1 (HISTORICAL STUDY SUMMARIES / POSITIVE O/T PEOPLE

  1. Positive Old Testament people. (Those whose lives were marked by the good.) 
  2. Negative Old Testament people. (Those whose lives were marked by evil.) 
  3. Positive New Testament people. 
  4. Negative New Testament people. 
  5. Carnal (backslidden) people in both Testaments. 
  6. Unnamed people in both Testaments.

Some have been troubled over those "sordid" passages in the Bible which depict (often in some detail) crimes of rape, incest, adultery, bloodshed, suffering, and murder. Why, they ask, would a holy and loving God even permit such things, let alone publish them for everyone to read? Here it should be immediately pointed out that the Bible is not an edited book by any account! It is rather the full story of the outworking of God’s eternal plan and purpose in the world of men. Because of this, sinful human beings have been allowed to play an important part in the history of this plan. The faults and merits of both sinners and saints are included. It therefore becomes vital if one is to understand the Bible to recognize at least by name the more important individuals described within its pages. Thus, to know God’s dealings with people is (to a great measure) to know God himself!

300 Individuals in the Bible

There are over 6000 people who walk across the pages of the Bible. Of this number, I have selected just over 300 names, based on their historical, spiritual, or human interest significance. Each chosen person has then been placed in one of six basic categories. These are:

  1. Positive Old Testament people. (Those whose lives were marked by the good.)
  2. Negative Old Testament people. (Those whose lives were marked by evil.)
  3. Positive New Testament people.
  4. Negative New Testament people.
  5. Carnal (backslidden) people in both Testaments.
  6. Unnamed people in both Testaments.
There are many names, symbols, and types for the devil throughout the Old and New Testaments, each revealing a different facet of the devil’s twisted, perverted nature and his mode of operation. Our enemy is known as: Abaddon (Revelation 9:11)  Accuser (Revelation 12:10)  Adversary (1 Peter 5:8)  Angel of Light (2 Corinthians 11:14)  Apollyon (Revelation 9:11)  Beelzebub (Matthew 10:25; 12:24) Renner, Rick (2012-12-18). Dressed to Kill: A Biblical Approach to Spiritual Warfare and Armor (Kindle Locations 2503-2509). Harrison House Publishers. Kindle Edition.

A. Positive Old Testament People.

Aaron: Israel’s first high priest (Lev. 8).

Abel (son): the world’s first martyr (Gen. 4).

Abiathar (father of excellence): a priest loyal to King David (1 Sam. 22).

Abigail (mother of joy): David’s second wife (1 Sam. 25).

Abishai (father of gift): a loyal and brave warrior of King David (1 Sam. 26).

Abraham (father is exalted): father of the Hebrew race (Gen. 12).

Adam (man): first human being (Gen. 1-2).

Ahijah (the Lord’s brother): prophet who advised Jeroboam (1 Ki. 1114).

Ahimelech (the king is my brother): the high priest who befriended David (1 Sam. 21).

Amos (burden): author of the book of Amos.

Asa (created): the first saved king of Judah (1 Ki. 15).

Azariah (whom God aids): the high priest who rebuked King Uzziah (2 Chron. 26).

Barak (lightning): the Hebrew commander who defeated the Canaanites (Jdg. 4).

Baruch (blessed): Jeremiah’s faithful scribe (Jer. 3645).

Barzillai (iron-maker): an old Gileadite citizen who befriended David during Absalom’s revolt (2 Sam. 1719).

Bathsheba (daughter of the oath): the favorite wife of David and mother of Solomon (2 Sam. 12).

Benaiah (the Lord has built): a brave warrior of King David (2 Sam. 23).

Bezaleel (in the Lord’s shadow): chief designer of the tabernacle (Ex. 31).

Boaz (strength): husband of Ruth, and great-grandfather of David (Ruth 4).

Caleb (dog): one of the two faithful spies at Kadesh (Num. 13).

Cyrus (son): the great Persian king who issued the return decree (Ezra 1).

Daniel (God is my judge): Hebrew prime minister in Babylon (Dan.).

Darius (he who upholds the good): Persian governor over Babylon in Daniel’s time (Dan. 6).

David (commander, hero): Israel’s greatest king (1 Sam. 16).

Deborah (bee): the Hebrew prophetess who helped Barak defeat the Canaanites (Jdg. 4).

Ehud (God of praise): a left-handed judge who killed a Moabite king (Jdg. 3).

Eldad and Medad: two men who prophecied during the Exodus wilderness experience of Israel (Num. 11).

Eleazar (God has helped): Israel’s second high priest after Aaron (his father) died (Num. 20).

Eli (uplifted): Israel’s first high priest after the Jordan crossing (1 Sam. 1).

Eliezer (help of God): Abraham’s faithful servant (Gen. 1524).

Elihu (he is my God): preacher boy advisor to Job (Job 32).

Elijah (my Lord is Jehovah): greatest nonwriting Old Testament prophet (1 Ki. 17).

Eliphaz, Bildan, Zophar: Job’s three critical friends (Job 2:11).

Elisha (God is salvation): successor of Elijah (2 Ki. 2).

Enoch (dedicated): first human being not to die (Gen. 5).

Esther (star): the beautiful Hebrew queen in Persia who saved the Jews from destruction (Est.).

Eve (life): the world’s first woman (Gen. 2).

Ezekiel (the strength of God): great Hebrew writing prophet in the city of Babylon during the captivity period (Ezek.).

Ezra (help): a Hebrew scholar and scribe who ministered in Jerusalem during the reconstruction days of the return stage (Ezra).

Gad (fortune): a prophet advisor of King David (1 Sam. 222 Sam. 24).

Gedaliah (God is great): Hebrew governor of Judah after the Babylonian captivity (2 Ki. 25).

Gershon, Konath, and Merari: three sons of Levi, whose descendants became the caretakers of the tabernacle (Num. 3).

Gideon (hewer): Hebrew judge who defeated the Midianites with 300 men (Jdg. 7).

Habakkuk (basil plant): author of the book bearing his name.

Haggai (festal): author of the book of Haggai.

Hanani (gracious): brother of Nehemiah and keeper of the gates of the rebuilt city of Jerusalem (Neh. 17).

Hannah (grace): godly mother of Samuel (1 Sam. 1-2).

Hezekiah (strength of God): the second greatest Judean (southern) king (2 Ki. 18).

Hilkiah (God’s portion): high priest during Josiah’s time who discovered the Law of Moses in the Temple (2 Ki. 22).

Hiram of Naphtali: Hebrew contractor of the Temple of Solomon (1 Ki. 7).

Hiram of Tyre: Phoenician king who supplied the wood material for the Temple construction (1 Ki. 5).

Hosea (salvation): author of the book of Hosea.

Huldah (weasel): a prophetess in Josiah’s court (2 Ki. 22).

Hur (noble): helper to Moses and possible husband of Miriam (Ex. 17).

Hushai (my brother’s gift): David’s counterspy in Absalom’s court (2 Sam. 16).

Isaac (laughter): Abraham’s promised heir (Gen. 21).

Isaiah (God’s salvation): author of the book of Isaiah.

Ithamar (island of the palm tree): youngest priest son of Aaron, in charge of transporting and erecting the tabernacle (Num. 4).

Ittai (with me): the Philistine warrior who with 600 soldiers joined with David against Absalom (2 Sam. 15).

Jacob (supplanted): son of Isaac and founder of Israel’s twelve tribes (Gen. 25).

Jael (deer): a Kenite woman who killed Sisera (Jdg. 4).

Japheth (he enlarges): third son of Noah and ancestor of the Gentile people (Gen. 9-10).

Jeduthun (praiseworthy): a Levite appointed by David to head up the music in the Temple (1 Chron. 16).

Jehoiada (the Lord knows): the high priest who hid the young prince Joash during the reign of bloody queen Athaliah (2 Ki. 11).

Jehoshaphat (God has judged): a godly, but at times compromising, king of Judah (1 Ki. 22).

Jephthah (set free): an Israelite judge who made a rash vow (Jdg. 11).

Jeremiah (God will elevate): author of the books of Jeremiah and Lamentations.

Jesse (the Lord is): father of David (1 Sam. 16).

Jethro (excellence): father-in-law of Moses (Ex. 4).

Job: suffering patriarch from the land of Uz.

Jochebed (the Lord is glory): mother of Moses (Ex. 26).

Joel (the Lord is God): author of the book of Joel.

Jonadab (the Lord is bounteous): a godly and separated nomad referred to by Jeremiah as an example of religious purity (Jer. 35).

Jonah (dove): reluctant prophet and author of the book of Jonah.

Jonathan (given by God): godly son of Saul and beloved friend of David (1 Sam. 18).

Joseph (may God add children): son of Jacob and prime minister of Egypt (Gen. 41).

Joshua the leader (God is salvation): the man who led Israel into the Promised Land (Josh. 3).

Joshua the priest: Judah’s first high priest after the Babylonian captivity (Ezra 3Zech. 3).

Josiah (God-healed): the greatest Judean king (2 Ki. 22).

Keturah (incense): the final wife of Abraham who bore him six sons (Gen. 25).

Leah (gazelle): first wife of Jacob and mother of six of his twelve sons (Gen. 29).

Malachi (my messenger): author of the final book in the Old Testament.

Manoah (rest): father of Samson (Jdg. 13).

Melchizedek (king of righteousness): the godly and mysterious king of Salem who blessed Abraham (Gen. 14).

Mephibosheth (contender against shame): the crippled son of Saul befriended by David (2 Sam. 9).

Methuselah (when he is dead it shall be sent): the oldest man that ever lived (Gen. 5).

Micah (who is like God): author of the book of Micah.

Micaiah (who is like God): a fearless Old Testament prophet, imprisoned by wicked Ahab, but who nevertheless predicted his doom (1 Ki. 22).

Miriam (bitterness): sister of Moses (Ex. 215Num. 12).

Mordecai (consecrated to Merodach): cousin (or uncle) and guardian of Esther (Est. 2).

Moses (to draw out): great Hebrew leader and law-giver.

Naaman (pleasantness): the Syrian commander who was healed of leprosy by washing himself in the Jordan river at the order of Elisha (2 Ki. 5).

Naboth (fruits): a godly Jezreelite who was murdered by Jezebel for refusing to sell his vineyard to Ahab (1 Ki. 21).

Nahum (comforted): author of the book of Nahum.

Naomi (my pleasure): mother-in-law of Ruth (Ruth 1).

Nathan (he gave): the prophet who rebuked David for his sin with Bath-sheba (2 Sam. 12).

Nehemiah (God has consoled): great Jewish wall builder and author of the book of Nehemiah.

Noah (rest): builder of the ship that preserved eight human beings during the universal flood (Gen. 6-8).

Obadiah (servant of God): author of the book of Obadiah.

Othniel (my strength is God): first of the Israelite judges (Jdg. 13).

Phinehas (negro): high priest son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron (Num. 25).

Rachel (ewe): second (and favorite) wife of Jacob (Gen. 29).

Rahab (wide): converted harlot who aided Israel in their victory over Jericho (Josh. 2).

Rebekah: wife of Isaac (Gen. 24).

Reuben: first of Jacob’s twelve sons. The others are: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin (Gen. 293035).

Ruth (beloved): wife of Boaz and great-grandmother of David (Ruth 14).

Sarah (princess): wife of Abraham (Gen. 11-12).

Seth (founder): third son of Adam and Eve and the successor of Abel (Gen. 4).

Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego: three Hebrew men thrown into a furnace for their testimony (Dan. 3).

Shem (renown): eldest son of Noah and founder of Semitic race (Gen. 9).

Shemaiah (God hears): prophet who advised Rehoboam (1 Ki. 12).

Solomon (peaceable): son and successor of David (1 Ki. 1).

Uriah (God is my light): soldier husband of Bath-sheba, murdered by David (2 Sam. 11).

Uzziah (God is my strength): good Judaean king later struck with leprosy for his sin of intruding into the office of the priesthood (2 Chron. 26).

Zadok (just): high priest in the time of David and Solomon (2 Sam. 151 Ki. 1).

Zechariah the priest (God has remembered): martyred Hebrew priest (slain by his own countrymen) for fearlessly denouncing sin (2 Chron. 24).

Zechariah the writer: author of the book of Zechariah. Zephaniah (God has protected): author of the book of Zephaniah.

Zerubbabel (seed of Babylon): a political leader who led the first return of the Jews back to Jerusalem (Ezra 3). Zipporah: wife of Moses (Ex. 2).

B. Negative Old Testament People.

Abimelech (the king is my father): murderous son of Gideon (Jdg. 8-9).

Abner (father of light): King Saul’s cousin and the commander of his army (1 Sam. 26).

Absalom (my father is peace): rebellious son of David who attempted to take over the throne (2 Sam. 15).

Achan (troublemaker): the Israelite whose disobedience caused the defeat of the Jewish army at Ai (Josh. 7).

Achish (the king gave): Philistine king of Gath with whom David, in a backslidden state, twice took refuge (1 Sam. 2127-29).

Adonijah (my Lord is God): son of David who attempted to steal the throne from Solomon (1 Ki. 1).

Adonizedek (Lord of righteousness): the king of Jerusalem who formed an alliance of Canaanites to fight against Joshua (Josh. 10).

Agag: the king of Amalek who was defeated (but spared) by King Saul (1 Sam. 15).

Ahab (father’s brother): husband of Jezebel and wicked ruler of the northern kingdom in the days of Elijah (1 Ki. 16:31-34).

Ahasuerus (mighty): Persian king and husband of Esther (Est. 1-2).

Ahaz (he grasped): wicked king who sacrificed his own children to devil gods (2 Ki. 16).

Ahaziah (God sustains): a king of northern Israel who attempted to kill Elijah (2 Ki. 1).

Ahithophel (God is my brother): David’s leading counselor who betrayed him and joined in with Absalom during the rebellion (2 Sam. 17).

Amasa: David’s nephew who commanded the revolt forces of Absalom (2 Sam. 17-20).

Amnon (trustworthy): David’s eldest son who raped his half-sister Tamar (2 Sam. 13).

Anak (long-necked): founder of a race of giants who frightened the spies of Moses by their size (Num. 13).

Athaliah (God is exalted): wicked daughter of Jezebel and murderous queen of Judah (2 Ki. 11).

Balaam (ruin): a corrupt prophet who attempted to curse Israel (Num. 22-24).

Belshazzar (Bel protect the king): Babylonian king whose divine judgment was written by a supernatural hand on the wall behind him (Dan. 5).

Bera (son of evil): homosexual king of Sodom who attempted to bribe Abraham (Gen. 14).

Cain (spear): world’s first murderer (Gen. 4).

Canaan (purple): son of Ham who sinned against his grandfather Noah (Gen. 9).

Chedorlaomer: Mesopotamian king who captured Lot, Abraham’s nephew (Gen. 14).

Delilah: Philistine woman who betrayed Samson (Jdg. 16).

Doeg (fearful): Saul’s Edomite chief herdsman who murdered eighty-five priests of God at Nob (1 Sam. 22).

Eglon (calf-like): a fat Moabite king oppressor of Israel, slain by Ehud (Jdg. 3).

Er and Onan: two sons of Judah the patriarch who were slain by the Lord for their wickedness (Gen. 38).

Esau (hairy, shaggy): firstborn son of Isaac (Gen. 25).

Goliath: Philistine giant killed by David (1 Sam. 17).

Gomer (ember): unfaithful wife of the prophet Hosea (Hosea 1-2).

Ham (hot): second son of Noah (Gen. 59).

Haman: the Adolf Hitler of the Old Testament who attempted to kill all the Jews in the time of Esther (Est. 3-7).

Hananiah (the Lord is gracious): false prophet who attempted to undermine the ministry of Jeremiah (Jer. 28).

Hanun (gracious): Ammonite king who ridiculed David’s ambassadors of good will (2 Sam. 10).

Hamel (God sees): a Syrian king who shed much Israelite blood (2 Ki. 8).

Hophni and Phinehas: two wicked priest sons of Eli (1 Sam. 2-4).

Ishbosheth (a man of shame): Saul’s son who took over at the death of his father the battle against David (2 Sam. 2).

Ishmael (God hears): son of Abraham through Hagar (Gen. 16).

Jabin (he understands): the king of Hazor who was defeated by Joshua at the waters of Merom (Josh. 11).

Jehoiakim (God established): a wicked Judean king who persecuted Jeremiah and burned the Word of God (Jer. 36).

Jehoram (God is exalted): wicked son of Ahab and king of northern Israel during the ministry of Elisha (2 Ki. 3).

Jeroboam (the people increased): first king of the ten northern tribes (1 Ki. 12).

Jezebel (chaste): wicked queen, wife of Ahab (1 Ki. 16).

Joab (God his father): David’s nephew and commander of the king’s armies (2 Sam. 2-3).

Joel and Abijah: wicked priest sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8).

Korah (baldness): a Levite who led a rebellion against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness march (Num. 16).

Laban (white): tricky and heartless father-in-law of Jacob (Gen. 29).

Lamech (strong): world’s first recorded polygamist and second recorded murderer (Gen. 4).

Maacah: idol-worshiping queen, mother of Asa (1 Ki. 15).

Manasseh (forgetting): son of Hezekiah, ruler of Judah, and possibly the most wicked man (before his conversion) in the entire Bible (2 Chron. 32-33).

Mesha (freed): Moabite king who sacrificed his own son in a futile attempt to win a battle (2 Ki. 3).

Micah (who is like God): a money-hungry, idol-worshiping thief who became a priest for the backslidden tribe of Dan (Jdg. 17-18).

Michal (who is like God): Saul’s youngest daughter and David’s first wife (1 Sam. 19).

Nabal (fool): drunken sheep farmer, barely saved from David’s wrath by Abigail his wife (1 Sam. 25).

Nadab and Abihu: eldest priest sons of Aaron, killed by God for offering strange fire (Lev. 10).

Nahash (serpent): Ammonite king defeated by Saul after his stated plans to torture the besieged Israelite city of Jabesh-gilead (1 Sam. 11).

Nebuchadnezzar: greatest of all Babylonian kings and the one who captured Jerusalem (Dan. 1-4).

Nimrod: great grandson of Noah (through Ham) and probable builder of the Tower of Babel (Gen. 10-11).

Og: giant king of Bashan who fought against and was defeated by Moses (Num. 21).

Pashhur (freedom): chief priest who persecuted Jeremiah (Jer. 20).

Pharaoh Amenhotep: king during the ten plagues (Ex. 5-12).

Pharaoh Thutmose III: king who attempted to kill all Hebrew male babies (Ex. 1-2).

Rabshakeh (chief cupbearer): Sennacherib’s head propaganda expert (2 Ki. 18-19).

Rehoboam (increase of the nation): Solomon’s successor son whose stupidity caused the Israelite civil war (1 Ki. 12).

Sanballat: a pagan troublemaker who attempted to prevent Nehemiah from building the walls of Jerusalem (Neh. 24).

Saul (loaned): Israel’s first king (1 Sam. 9).

Sennacherib: Assyrian king who lost 185,000 troops in his futile attempt to destroy Jerusalem by God’s death angel (2 Ki. 18-19).

Sheba: a Benjaminite who stirred up a rebellion against David after the revolt of Absalom had been quelled (2 Sam. 20).

Shimei (famed): a member of Saul’s family who cursed David and threw rocks at him during Absalom’s rebellion (2 Sam. 16).

Sihan (a sweeping away): Amorite king who refused Israel passage during the Exodus journey (Num. 21).

Sisera: Canaanite commander, defeated by Barak, and later killed by Jael (Jdg. 4).

Tobiah (the Lord is good): a Jew who joined with Sanballat in opposing the wall-building activities of Nehemiah (Neh. 4).

Zeresh (gold): wife of Haman who encouraged him to hang the Jew Mordecai (Est. 5-6).

C. Positive New Testament People.

Aeneas (praise): a paralytic, bedridden for eight years, who was healed by Peter (Acts 9).

Agabus (to love): a prophet in the days of Paul the apostle (Acts 1121).

Ananias (God is gracious): the believer who ministered to the blinded Saul in Damascus (Acts 9).

Andrew (manly): one of Jesus’ first disciples and the brother of Peter (Jn. 1).

Anna (grace): an elderly prophetess who worshiped the Christ child when he was dedicated in the Temple (Lk. 2).

Apollos: an eloquent Jewish preacher and contemporary of Paul (Acts 18-19).

Aquila and Priscilla (eagle; ancient): a godly couple who greatly aided Paul (Acts 18).

Archippus (master of the horse): close friend of Paul in Colosse, and possible son of Philemon (Col. 4Philemon 1).

Aristarchus (the best ruler): a faithful fellow traveler and constant companion of Paul (Acts 192027Col. 4).

Barnabas (son of exhortation): Paul’s partner during the first missionary journey (Acts 13).

Bartimaeus: blind Jericho beggar healed by Christ (Mk. 10).

Chloe (verdant): Corinthian woman who informed Paul of the trouble in her church (1 Cor. 1).

Cleopas: one of the disciples to whom the resurrected Christ appeared on the road to Emmaus on the first Easter Sunday (Lk. 24).

Cornelius (of a horn): Gentile centurion led to Christ by Peter at Caesarea (Acts 10).

Crispus (curled): ruler of the Jewish synagogue in Corinth, led to Christ by Paul (Acts 18).

Elisabeth (God is my oath): mother of John the Baptist (Lk. 1).

Epaphras: a probable "preacher boy" student of Paul who evangelized the area in and around Colosse (Col. 14).

Epaphroditus (lovely): a messenger from the Philippian church who brought Paul a gift during his first Roman imprisonment (Phil. 24).

Erastus (beloved): a helper of Paul during his missionary journeys (Acts 19Rom. 162 Tim. 4).

Eunice (conquering well): mother of Timothy (Acts 162 Tim. 1).

Eutychus (fortunate): a young man raised from the dead by Paul at Troas (Acts 20).

Gamaliel (reward of God): renowned Hebrew Pharisee who gave the Pharisees some sound advice (Acts 5).

Gaius: the addressee of the last letter of John (3 Jn. 1).

Jairus (whom God enlightens): Sanhedrin leader whose little daughter was raised from the dead by Christ (Mk. 5).

James the apostle: brother of John the apostle and the first of the twelve to be martyred (Lk. 5Acts 12).

James, the half-brother of Christ: pastor of the Jerusalem church and writer of the New Testament book (Acts 15:13-21Jas.).

Joanna: a woman who helped Jesus in a financial way (Lk. 8).

John the apostle: brother of James and author of John, Revelation, 1 John, 2 John, and 3 John (Lk. 5).

John the Baptist: forerunner of Christ (Lk. 13).

Joseph of Arimathea: wealthy follower of Christ who, with Nicodemus, claimed the body of Christ from Pilate (Jn. 19:38-42).

Joseph of Nazareth: husband of Mary and legal (only) father of Jesus (Mt. 1).

Julius: a Roman centurion who showed consideration to and later saved the life of Paul during the journey to Rome (Acts 27).

Lazarus the beggar: the saved man in Jesus’ account of the rich man and Lazarus (Lk. 16).

Lazarus, the brother of Mary and Martha: Jesus raised him from the dead (Jn. 11).

Lois: grandmother of Timothy (Acts 162 Tim. 1).

Luke: Paul’s beloved Greek physician; author of Luke and the book of Acts.

Lydia: merchant woman from Thyatira led to Christ by Paul in Philippi (Acts 16).

Mark (large hammer): author of the book of Mark.

Martha (lady): sister of Lazarus and Mary (Jn. 11).

Mary of Bethany: sister of Lazarus and Martha (Jn. 11).

Mary Magdalene: converted harlot who became the first human being to see the resurrected Christ (Jn. 20).

Mary of Nazareth: mother of Christ (Lk. 2).

Matthew (gift of God): one of the twelve apostles and author of the book of Matthew (Mt. 9).

Matthias (gift of Jehovah): the man elected to take the place of Judas (Acts 1).

Nathanael (God has given): one of Christ’s earliest apostles (Jn. 1).

Nicodemus (victor over the people): rich Pharisee ruler who came to Christ by night (Jn. 3).

Onesimus (useful): runaway slave from Colosse, converted to Christ by Paul in Rome (Philemon).

Onesiphorus (profit-bringer): loyal friend of Paul who comforted the apostle during the difficult days preceding his martyrdom in Rome (2 Tim. 14).

Paul (little): greatest Christian who ever lived and author of at least thirteen New Testament books.

Peter (rock): spokesman for the twelve and author of 1 and 2 Peter.

Philemon (loving): owner of the runaway slave Onesimus, and close friend of Paul (Philemon).

Philip the apostle: an original disciple of John the Baptist and one of the first disciples of Christ (Jn. 1).

Philip the evangelist: one of the original seven deacons in the early church and a great soul-winner (Acts 68).

Phoebe (bright, radiant): a friend of Paul and bearer of the epistle to the Romans, which she carried from Corinth to Rome (Rom. 16).

Publius: chief official on the island of Malta who befriended Paul after his terrible shipwreck ordeal (Acts 28).

Rhoda (rose): servant-girl who recognized the voice of Peter outside the door (of the house in which prayer was going on for his release) but in her joy failed to let him in (Acts 12).

Salome (peaceful): mother of James and John (Mt. 20Mk. 15-16).

Silas (asked of God): Paul’s traveling companion during his second missionary journey (Acts 15-16).

Simeon (hearing): an ancient and devout Jew who recognized the Christ child during his Temple dedication as Israel’s Messiah (Lk. 2).

Simon of Cyrene: a passerby compelled by the Roman soldiers to carry the cross of Christ to Golgotha (Mt. 27Mk. 15Lk. 23).

Simon the tanner: owner of the house in Joppa where Peter lived for awhile (Acts 9).

Sosthenes: former ruler of the synagogue in Corinth and later companion of Paul (Acts 181 Cor. 1).

Stephen (crown, wreath): one of the original seven deacons and the first recorded martyr to die for Christ (Acts 6-7).

Susanna (lily): a woman who helped Jesus financially (Lk. 8).

Tabitha: a godly woman who was raised up from the dead at her own funeral by Peter (Acts 9).

Theophilus (lover of God): addressee of both the Gospel of Luke and the book of Acts.

Timothy (honoring God): a Jewish "preacher boy" coworker of Paul to whom he wrote two New Testament epistles.

Titus: a Greek "preacher boy" co-worker of Paul to whom he wrote the book of Titus.

Trophimus (nourishing): a Gentile Ephesian Christian who accompanied Paul on his final trip to Jerusalem (Acts 20:421:292 Tim. 4:20).

Tychicus (fortuitous): an Ephesian convert who carried some of Paul’s New Testament epistles to their respective churches (Acts 20:4Eph. 6:21Col. 4:7-92 Tim. 4:12Titus 3:12).

Zacchaeus (pure): a small tax collector who climbed a sycamore tree to see Christ pass by (Lk. 19).

Zacharias (whom God remembers): father of John the Baptist (Lk. 1).

D. Negative New Testament People.

Alexander the apostate: a heretical teacher in the Christian community in Asia Minor, condemned by Paul (1 Tim. 1:202 Tim. 4:14, 15).

Annas (merciful, gracious): the wicked high priest who condemned Christ to Calvary’s cross (Jn. 18).

Barabbas (son of a teacher): Jewish prisoner who was released at the trial of Christ (Mk. 15).

Bar-Jesus (son of Jesus): a Jewish sorcerer who opposed Paul on the island of Cyprus (Acts 13).

Caiaphas: co-high priest with his father-in-law Annas who aided in the crucifixion of Christ (Mt. 26).

Demetrius: pagan defender of the goddess Diana; led a riot against Paul in Ephesus (Acts 19).

Diotrephes: an arrogant troublemaking and self-centered leader to whom Gaius, the recipient of 3 John, belonged.

Felix (happy): Roman procurator who trembled with conviction upon hearing Paul preach (Acts 24).

Festus (joyful): Roman procurator, successor of Felix, who accused Paul of being mad with much learning (Acts 26).

Herod Agrippa I: grandson of Herod the Great who killed James, imprisoned Peter, and was himself struck dead by God (Acts 12).

Herod Agrippa II: great grandson of Herod the Great, before whom Paul preached while imprisoned in Caesarea (Acts 26).

Herod Antipas: son of Herod the Great; he killed John the Baptist (Mt. 14).

Herod the Great: king who attempted to murder the infant Christ (Mt. 2).

Herodias: Herod the Great’s granddaughter who plotted the death of John the Baptist (Mk. 6).

Hymenaeus (the god of marriage): a heretical teacher within the Christian community, condemned by Paul (1 Tim. 12 Tim. 2).

Judas: notorious apostle who betrayed Christ (Mt. 26).

Pilate: procurator of Judea who sentenced Christ to death (Mt. 27).

Salome (peaceful): daughter of wicked Herodias, whose sensuous dance paved the way for John’s execution (Mk. 6).

Sceva: false Jewish exorcist whose evil ways backfired upon him and his sons in Ephesus (Acts 19).

Simon the Pharisee: hypocritical Jewish leader rebuked by Christ during a meal in his own home (Lk. 7).

Simon the sorcerer: materialistic Jewish opportunist rebuked by Peter at Samaria (Acts 8).

Tertullus: Roman prosecuting attorney employed by the Sanhedrin to present their case against Paul before Felix at Caesarea (Acts 24).

E. Carnal (Backslidden) People in Both Testaments.

Ananias and Sapphira: husband and wife in the early church who lied to the Holy Spirit (Acts 5).

Cleopas: one of the disciples Jesus appeared to on the road to Emmaus during the first Easter Sunday (Lk. 24).

Demas (popular): a companion of Paul who forsook the apostle during his second Roman imprisonment (2 Tim. 4).

Dinah (judged): loose daughter of Jacob (Gen. 34).

Elihu: young "preacher boy" who criticized Job (Job 32).

Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar: Job’s three critical friends (Job 32).

Euodias and Syntyche (fragrance and fortunate): two quarreling ladies in the church at Philippi (Phil. 4).

Gehazi (valley of visions): the manservant of Elisha (2 Ki. 5-6).

Hagar (one who fled): Sarah’s Egyptian slave-maid and second wife of Abraham (Gen. 16).

Johanan (God’s mercy): Judean official after the Babylonian captivity who took Jeremiah with him to Egypt (Jer. 43).

Judah (God will lead): fourth son of Jacob (Gen. 38).

Levi (joined): third son of Jacob (Gen. 34).

Lot (a covering): nephew of Abraham (Gen. 1319).

Obadiah (servant of God): head of King Ahab’s royal household (1 Ki. 18).

Reuben (see a son): eldest son of Jacob (Gen. 35:22).

Samson (man of the sun): Hebrew strong man from the tribe of Dan (Jdg. 13-16).

Simeon (God has heard): second son of Jacob (Gen. 34).

Tamar (date): wife of Judah’s two eldest sons (Gen. 38).

Thomas (twin): doubting (but loyal) apostle of Christ (Jn. 1120).

F. Unnamed People in Both Testaments.

Cain’s wife (Gen. 4).

Lot’s wife (Gen. 19).

Lot’s two daughters (Gen. 19).

Potiphar’s wife (Gen. 39).

Jephthah’s daughter (Jdg. 11).

Witch of Endor (1 Sam. 28).

Queen of Sheba (1 Ki. 10).

Widow of Zarephath (1 Ki. 17).

Widow and her pot of oil (2 Ki. 4).

Shunammite woman (2 Ki. 4).

Naaman’s wife (2 Ki. 5).

Naaman’s wife’s servant (2 Ki. 5).

Job’s wife (Job 2).

Ezekiel’s wife (Ezek. 24).

Wise men (Mt. 2).

Shepherds (Lk. 2).

Ruler of the feast at Cana (Jn. 2).

Nobleman (Jn. 4).

Woman of Samaria (Jn. 4).

Woman taken in adultery (Jn. 8).

Infirm man (Jn. 5).

Man born blind (Jn. 9).

Prodigal son (Lk. 15).

Elder brother (Lk. 15).

Loving father (Lk. 15).

Good Samaritan (Lk. 10).

Rich fool (Lk. 12).

Rich fool (Lk. 16).

Father and his demon-possessed son (Mt. 17).

Rich young ruler (Mt. 19).

Maniac of Gadara (Mk. 5).

Lad who gave his lunch to Christ (Jn. 6).

One thankful leper (Lk. 17).

Peter’s wife and mother-in-law (Lk. 4).

The woman who anointed Jesus in Simon’s house (Lk. 7).

Woman with an issue of blood (Mt. 9).

The Syro-phoenician woman (Mt. 15).

Woman with two mites (Lk. 21).

Widow of Nain (Lk. 7).

Jairus’ daughter (Lk. 8).

Woman bound for eighteen years (Lk. 13).

A sincere scribe (Mk. 12:32).

The young man at Gethsemane (Mk. 14:51).

The Capernaum centurion (Lk. 7).

The Calvary centurion (Mt. 27).

The two false witnesses (Mt. 26:60).

Pilate’s wife (Mt. 27:19).

The servant who slapped Christ (Jn. 18:22).

The two thieves on the cross (Mt. 27:38).

The bribed soldiers at the resurrection (Mt. 28).

The lame man at the gate beautiful (Acts 3).

The Ethiopian eunuch (Acts 8).

The cripple at Lystra (Acts 14).

The Philippian jailer (Acts 16).

The Philippian demoniac girl (Acts 16).

Willmington’s Guide to the Bible. 1 KINGS 17:1 (HISTORICAL STUDY SUMMARIES)
There are nine compound names of this name:

  1. Jireh—the Lord will provide (Gen. 22:13, 14)
  2. Nissi—the Lord, my banner (Ex. 17:15)
  3. Shalom—the Lord is Peace (Jdg. 6:24)
  4. Sabbaoth—the Lord of Hosts (1 Sam. 1:3Isa. 6:1-3)
  5. Maccaddeshoem—the Lord thy Sanctifier (Ex. 31:13)
  6. Rohi (Raah)—the Lord my Shepherd (Ps. 23:1)
  7. Tsidkenu—the Lord our Righteousness (Jer. 23:6)
  8. Shammah—the Lord who is present (Ezek. 48:35)
  9. Rapha—the Lord our Healer (Ex. 15:26)

Willmington's Guide to the Bible.

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